NuvOx Pharma is a biotechnology company based in Tucson, Arizona with a novel patent portfolio allowing it to develop an innovative platform of dodecafluoropentane (DDFP)-based oxygen therapeutics to treat a host of human conditions. Founded in 2008, NuvOx Pharma has demonstrated therapeutic feasibility in radiation-resistant cancer, hemorrhagic shock, traumatic brain injury, myocardial infarction, retinopathy and stroke. Due to inherent structure of DDFP, a very stable and relative lack of inter-molecular attractive forces, this perfluorocarbon is known to carry large payloads of oxygen in the bloodstream. The main advantage to using DDFP is that it is a liquid at room temperature, but expands to the gas state in the body. Therefore, upon intravenous injection the transition of DDFP from a liquid to a gas in the bloodstream allows for ~600 times increased oxygen transport compared to Hemoglobin.